1. Speech-Language Pathology & Other Professional Medical Literature
    2. Adams, M. R. (1966). Communication Aids for Patient with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 31, 274-275

      Alexander, M. & Loverso, F. (l991) A specific treatment for global aphasia. A presentation at the Clinical Aphasiology Conference, Sandestin, Florida

      American Medical Association, (1994) Guidelines for the Use of Assistive Technology: Evaluation, Referral, Prescription, Chicago: Author

      American Speech-Language Hearing Association, (1981) Position Statement on Nonspeech Communication, Asha 23, 577-81

      American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (1989) Competencies for Speech-Language-Pathologists Providing Services in Augmentative Communication, Asha 31 (Supp. 2), 1-2

      American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (1991) Report: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Asha 33 (Supp. 5), 8-12

      Angelo, J. (1992) Comparison of Three Computer Scanning Modes as an Interface Method for Persons with Cerebral Palsy, Journal of Occupational Therapy, 46, 217-222

      Arvidson, H. & Lloyd, L. (1993) Core References on Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 9, 288-93

      Aten, J. L. Caligiuri, M. P., and Holland, A. (1982) The efficacy of functional communication therapy for chronic aphasic patients. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 47, 93-96

      Basso, A. (1992) Prognostic factors in aphasia. Aphasiology, 6, 337-348

      Basso, A., Capitani, E., and Vignolo, L. (1979) Influence of rehabilitation on language skills in aphasia patients: A controlled study. Archives Neurologica, 36, 190-196

      Batshaw, M., & Perret, Y. (1986) Children with Handicaps: A Medical Primer 2d Ed.

      Bauby, J.D. (1997) The Diving Bell and the Butterfly, New York: Vintage

      Beck, A. R. & Fritz, H. (1998). Can people who have aphasia learn iconic codes? Augmentative and Alternative Communication. 14, 184-96

      Bellaire, K. J., Georges, J. B., & Thompson, C. K. (1991). Establishing functional communication board use for nonverbal aphasic subjects. Clinical Aphasiology, 19, 219-227

      Benson, D. F. and Ardilla, A. (1996). Aphasia: A clinical perspective. New York: Oxford

      Beukelman, D., (1990) AAC in the 1990’s: A Clinical Perspective, in B. Mineo, Ed., Augmentative and Alternative Communication in the Next Decade, Wilmington, DE: Applied Science & Engineering Laboratory, University of Delaware

      Beukelman, D., & Ansel, B. (1995) Research Priorities in Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 11, 131-134

      Beukelman, D., & Garrett, K. (1988) Augmentative and Alternative Communication for Adults with Acquired Severe Communication Disorders, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 4, 104-121

      Beukelman, D., Kraft, G., & Freal, J. (1985).Expressive Communication Disorders in Persons with Multiple Sclerosis: A Survey, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 66, 675-677

      Beukelman, D. R., & Mirenda, P. (1998). Augmentative and alternative communication: Management of severe communication disorders in children and adults. (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing

      Beukelman, D. R., & Yorkston, K. M. (1977). A communication system for the severely dysarthric speaker with an intact language system. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 42, 265-270

      Beukelman, D., Yorkston, K.M., Poblete, M., & Naranjo, C. (1984) Frequency of Word Occurrence in Communication Samples Produced by Adult Communication Aid Users, Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 49, 360-367

      Beukelman, D. R., Yorkston, K. M., & Dowden, P. A. (1985). Communication Augmentation: A casebook of clinical management. Boston: College Hill

      Beukelman, D., Yorkston, K.M., & Smith, K. (1985) Third-Party Payer Response to Requests for Purchase of Communication Augmentation Systems: A Study of Washington State, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 1, 5-10

      Bickerton, D. (1995), Language and Human Behavior Seattle, WA: Univ. of Washington Press

      Blackstone, S., Ed., (1986) Augmentative Communication: An Introduction, Rockville, MD: American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association

      Blackstone, S., Cassatt-James, E., & Bruskin, D., Eds., (1988) Augmentative Communication: Intervention Strategies, Rockville, MD: American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association

      Bloomberg, K., & Johnson, H. (1990) A Statewide Demographic Survey of People with Severe Communication Impairments, Augmentative and Alternative Communication 6, 50-60

      Cherney, L. R. (1995). Efficacy of oral reading in the treatment of patients with chronic Broca’s aphasia. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 2(1), 57-67

      Collier, B., & Blackstein-Adler, S., (1998) Building Competencies in Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Augmentative and Alternative Communicaiton, 14, 250-261

      Collins, C., (1986) Diagnosis and Treatment of Global Aphasia, San Diego, CA: College Hill Press

      Copeland, K., Ed., (1974), Aids for the Severely Handicapped, New York: Grune & Stratton

      Crawford, J. (1987) Individual Psychotherapy with the Nonvocal Patient: A Unique Application of Communication Devices, Rehabilitation Psychology, 32 , 93-98

      Cress, C., & King, J. (1999) AAC Strategies for People with Primary Progressive Aphasia without Dementia: Two Case Studies, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 15, 248-260

      Crystal, D., & Varley, R.(1999) Introduction to Language Pathology, 4th Ed. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes

      Culp, D. M., Ambrosi, D. M., & Berninger, T. M. (1986). Augmentative communication aid use: A follow-up study. Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 2, 19-24

      Culp, D., & Ladtkow, M. C. (1992). Locked-in syndrome and augmentative communication. In Yorkston, K.M., (Ed.), Augmentative communication in the medical setting (pp. 59-138) Tucson: Communication Skill Builders

      Culton, G. (1969) Spontaneous recovery from aphasia. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 12, 825-832

      Darley, Aronson & Brown, (1969b) Cluster of Deviant Speech Dimensions in the Dysarthrias, J. Speech & Hearing Research, 12, 462

      Darley, Aronson & Brown, (1969a) Differential Diagnostic Patterns of Dysarthria, J. Speech & Hearing Research 12, 246

      Darley, Aronson & Brown, (1975) Motor Speech Disorders, Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders

      Darley, F. L., Aronson, A. E., & Brown, J. R. (1975). Motor speech disorders. Philadelphia: W. B. Saunders

      Dattilo, J., & Camarata, S. (1991). Facilitating conversation through self-initiated augmentative communication treatment. Journal of Applied Behavioral Analysis, 24, 369-378

      Davis, A. (1993). A survey of adult aphasia and related language disorders (2nd edition). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall

      Deal, J. L., & Florance, C. L. (1978). Modification of the eight-step continuum for treatment of apraxia of speech in adults. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 43(1), 89-95

      DeRuyter, F., & Becker, M. R. (1988). Augmentative communication: Assessment, system selection, and usage. Neurologic Clinics, 3, 35-44

      DeRuyter, F., & Donoghue, K. A. (1989). Communication and traumatic brain injury: A case study. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 4, 49-54

      DeRuyter, F., & Kennedy, M. R. (1991). Augmentative communication following traumatic brain injury. In D. R. Beukelman & K. M. Yorkston (Eds.), Communication disorders following traumatic brain injury: Management of cognitive, language, and motor impairments (pp. 317-365). Austin, TX: ProEd

      DeRuyter, F., & Lafontaine, L. M. (1987). The nonspeaking brain injured: A clinical and demographic database report. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 3, 18-25

      Didic, M., Ceccaldi, M., & Poncet, M. (1998). Progressive loss of speech: A neuropsychological profile of premotor dysfunction. European Neurology, 39(2), 90-96

      Dongilli, P., Hakel, M., & Beukelman, D. (1992). Recovery of functional speech following traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 7, 91-101

      Dronker, N. F. (1996). A new brain region for coordinating speech articulation. Nature, 384(6605), 159-161

      Duffy, J. R., (1995). Motor speech disorders: Substrates, differential diagnosis and management. St. Louis: Mosby

      Dworkin, J. P., & Abkarian, G. G. (1996). Treatment of phonation in a patient with apraxia and dysarthria secondary to severe closed head injury. Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology, 4(2), 105-116

      Dworkin, J. P., Abkarian, G. C., & Johns, D. F. (1988). Apraxia of speech: The effectiveness of a treatment regimen. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 53, 280-294

      Elman, R. (1998). Memories of the ‘plateau’: Health-care changes provide an opportunity to redefine aphasia treatment and discharge. Aphasiology, 12, 227-231

      Elman, R. (1999). Group treatment of neurogenic communication disorders. Boston: Butterworth-Henneman.

      Evans, P. M., Evans, S. J., & Alberman, E. (1990). Cerebral palsy: Why we must plan for survival. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 65, 1329-1333

      Feldmen, M. H. (1971). Physiological observations in a chronic, case of ‘locked-in’ syndrome. Neurology, 21, 459-478

      Ferrier, L. J. (1991). Clinical study of a dysarthric adult using a Touch Talker with word strategy. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 7, 266-274

      Fisher, M., Ed. (1956) Illustrated Medical & Health Encyclopedia, at p. 1956

      Fox, L. E. (1990). Recreation focused treatment for generalization of language skills in aphasic patients

      Fox, L., Sohlberg, M., & Fried-Oken, M. (in press). Meaningful communication roles for adults In D. R. Beukelman, K. M. Yorkston, & J. Reichle (Eds.), Augmentative Communication for Adults with Neurologic Disabilities. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes

      Fox, L.E., & Fried-Oken, M. (1996) AAC Aphasiology: Partnership for future research. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 12, 257-271

      Frattali, C., Thompson, C., Holland, A., Wohl, C., Ferketic, M. (1995) ASHA Functional Assessment of Communication Skills for Adults. Rockville, MD: American Speech-Language and Hearing Association

      Fristoe, M. (1975) Language Intervention Strategies of the Retarded, Decatur, AL: Lurleen B. Wallace Developmental Center

      Fristoe, M. & Lloyd, L. (1977) The Use of Manual Communication with the Retarded, presented at the Gatlinburg Conference on Mental Retardation

      Frumkin, J. (1995), Affidavit, filed in Myers v. State of Mississippi, No 3:94-CIV-185-LN (S.D.Miss.)

      Gallo, U. E., & Fonanarosa, P. B. (1989). Lock-in syndrome: Report of a case. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 7, 581-583

      Garrett, K. (1999) Personal communication

      Garrett, K. L., & Beukelman, D. R. (1998) Adults with severe aphasia. In Beukelman, D. L., & Mirenda, P. (Eds.) Augmentative and alternative communication: Management of Severe Communication Disorders in Children and Adults. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co

      Garrett, K. L., & Beukelman, D. R. (1995). Changes in the interaction patterns of an individual with severe aphasia given three types of partner support. Clinical Aphasiology, 23, 237-251

      Garrett, K.L., & Beukelman, D.R. (1992) Augmentative Communication Approaches for Persons with Severe Aphasia, in Yorkston, K.M., Ed., Augmentative Communication in the Medical Setting, Tuscon, AZ: Communication Skill Builders

      Garrett, K. L., Beukelman, D. L., & Low-Morrow, D. (1989). A comprehensive augmentative system for an adult with Broca’s aphasia. AAC: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 5, 55-61

      Garrett, K., & Beukelman, D. (1992) Augmentative communication approaches for persons with severe aphasia. In K. Yorkston (Ed.), Augmentative communication in the medical setting Tucson, AZ: Communication Skill Builders, 245-338

      Gauger, G. E. (1980). Communication in the locked-in syndrome. Transactions of the American Society of Artificial Internal Organs, 26, 527-529

      Glennen, S. L., & Calculator, S. N. (1985). Training functional communication board use: A pragmatic approach. Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 1, 134-142

      Golinker, L (1997), Speaking Up in Court, Team Rehab Report 8,19-22

      Goodglass, H., & Kaplan, E. (1983). The assessment of aphasia and related disorders. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger

      Goossens, C. (1989). Aided communication intervention before assessment: A case study of a child with cerebral palsy. Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 5, 14-26

      Gutmann, M. & Gryfe (1999, November). The communication continuum in ALS: Client preferences and communicative competence. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Speech Language Hearing Association, San Francisco

      Haig, A. J., Katz, R. T., & Sahgal, V. (1987). Mortality and complications of the locked-in syndrome. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 68, 24-27

      Hart, R. P., Beach, W. A., & Taylor, J. R. (1997). A case of progressive apraxia of speech and non-fluent aphasia. Aphasiology, 11(1), 73-82

      Hartelius, L. & Svensson, P. (1994). Speech and swallowing symptoms associated with Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis: A survey. Folia Phoniatr Logop., 46(1). 9-17

      Helm, N. (1979). Management of palilalla with a pacing board. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 44, 350-353

      Helm-Estabrooks, N., Ramsberger, G., Morgan, A., & Nicholas, M. (1989) Boston Assessment of Severe Aphasia, Chicago, IL: Riverside Publishing

      Hirdes, J., Ellis-Hale, K., & Pearson-Hirdes, B. (1993) Prevalence and Policy Implications of Communication Disabilities Among Adults, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 9, 273-280

      Holland, A., Frattali, C., & Fromm, D. (1999) Communication Activities of Daily Living, 2nd edition. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed

      Holland, A.L., Fromm, D.S., DeRuyter, F. and Stein, M. (1996). Treatment efficacy: Aphasia. JSHR. 39: S27-36

      Hopper, T. & Holland, A. (1998). Situation-specific training for adults with aphasia: An example. Aphasiology. 12:10, 933-944

      Fishman, I., (1987) Electronic Communication Aids Boston: College Hill Press

      Hawking, S. (1988) A Brief History of Time, New York: Writers House

      Hawking, S., (1995) Professor Stephen Hawking, quoted in Beukelman, D., & Mirenda, P., (1998) Augmentative & Alternative Communication 2d Ed. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes

      Joseph, D. (1986) The Morning, Communication Outlook, 8, 8

      Kagan, A. (1995). Revealing the competence of aphasic adults through conversation: A challenge to health professionals. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 1, 15-28

      Kagan, A. (1998). Supported conversation for adults with aphasia: methods and resources for training conversation partners. Aphasiology, 12, 816-830

      Kagan, A., & Gailey, G. F. (1993). Functional is not enough: Training conversation partners for aphasic adults. In A. L. H. M. M. Forbes (Ed.). San Diego, CA: Singular

      Kazandjian, M. S. (1997). Communication and swallowing solutions for the ALS/MND Community. San Diego: Singular Publishing Group

      Kearns & Simmons, (1988). Motor Speech Disorders: The Dysarthrias and Apraxia of speech. In Lass, McReynolds, Northern & Yoder, Eds., Handbook of speech-Language Pathology and Audiology 592-621

      Keenan, J. E., & Barnhart, K. S. (1993). Development of yes/no systems in individuals with severe traumatic brain injuries. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 9, 184-190

      Kennedy, P., & Bakay, R., (1998) Restoration of Neural Output from a Paralyzed Patient Using a Direct Brain Connection, NeuroReport, 9, 1707-1711

      Kertesz, A. (1982). Western Aphasia Battery. Orlando, FL: Grune & Stratton, Inc

      Kertesz, A. (1988). Recovery of language disorders: Homologous contralateral or connected ipsilateral compensation? In S. Finger, TE LeVere, CR Almli, DG Stein (eds), Brain Recovery: Theoretical and Controversial Issues. New York: Plenum. PP. 307-321

      Kertesz, A., & McCabe, P. (1977) Recovery patterns and prognosis in aphasia. Brain, 100, 1-18

      Kinsella, G., & Duffy, F. (1979). Psychosocial readjustment in the spouses of aphasic patients. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 11, 129-132

      Kraat, A. (1990) Augmentative and alternative communication: does it have a future in aphasia rehabilitation? Aphasiology, 4, 321-338

      Kraat, A. and M. Sitver, (Feb. 1983) Features of Commercially Available Communication Aids (chart)

      Ladtkow, M. C., & Culp, D. (1992). Augmentative communication with the traumatic brain-injured population. In K. M. Yorkston (Ed.), Augmentative communication in the medical setting (pp. 139-244). Tucson: Communication Skill Builders

      Lafontaine, L. M., & DeRuyter, F. (1987). The nonspeaking cerebral palsied: A clinical and demographic database report. Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 3, 153-162

      Lang, A. E. (1983). The ‘pacing board’ in selected speech disorders of Parkinson’s disease. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 46, 789-791

      Lasker, J. & Bedrosian, J. (in press). AACeptance of AAC by adults with acquired disorders and their partners. In D. Beukelman, K. Yorkson & J. Recihle. Augmentative communication for adults with neurogenic and neuromuscular disabilities. Baltimore: Paul Brookes Publishers

      Lasker, J., Hux, K., Garrett, K. L., Moncrief, E. M., & Eischeid, T. J. (1997). Variations on the written choice communication strategy for individuals with severe aphasia. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 13, 108-116

      LeDorze, G., & Brassard, C. (1995). A description of the consequences of aphasia on aphasic persons and their relatives and friends, based on the WHO model of chronic diseases. Aphasiology, 9, 239-255

      Light, J. (1997) Communication is the Essence of Human Life: Reflections on Communicative Competence, Augmentative and Alternative Communication 13, 61-71

      Light, J., & Lindsay, P. (1992). Message-encoding techniques for augmentative communication systems: The recall performance of adults with severe speech impairments. Journal of Speech & Hearing Research, 35, 853-864

      Light, J., Beesley, M., & Collier, B. (1988). Transition through multiple augmentative and alternative communication systems: A three-year case study of a head injury adolescent. Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 4, 2-14

      Lloyd., L. (1976) Communication Assessment and Intervention Strategies Baltimore, MD: University Park Press

      Luria, A. (1963) Restoration of Functions after Brain Injury. New York: Macmillan

      Marshall, R., C., & Phillips, D. (1983) Prognosis for improved verbal communication in aphasic stroke patients. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 64, 597-600

      Martin, D. (March 16, 1991), When Paralysis is No Match for P-O-E-T-R-Y, New York Times,

      Matas, J., Mathy-Laikko, P., Beukelman, D., & Legresley, K. (1985) Identifying the Non-Speaking Population: A Demographic Study, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 1, 17-31

      Mathy, P., Yorkston, K. M., & Gutmann, M. (in press). Augmentative communication for individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In D. R. Beukelman, K. M. Yorkston, & J. Reichle (Eds.), Augmentative communication in adults. Baltimore, MD.: Paul H. Brookes

      McDonald, Murphy & Huskey, ‘Language Boards: Supplementing Oral Communication and Developing Language in Clients Whose Potential for Intelligible Speech is Poor,’ scientific exhibit presented at the 47th Annual Convention of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (1972)

      McGann, W. M., & Paslawski, T. M. (1991). Incomplete locked-in syndrome: Two cases with successful communication outcomes. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 1, 32-37

      McNaughton, D., & Kates, (1974) Visual Symbols: Communication System for the Pre-Reading Physically Handicapped Child, paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Association on Mental Deficiency

      McNaughton, D., & Tawney, J. (1993). Comparison of two spelling instruction techniques for adults who use augmentative and alternative communication. Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 9, 72-82

      McNeil, M. R. (Ed.). (1997). Clinical management of sensorimotor speech disorders. New York: Thieme

      McNeil, M.R. & Prescott, T.E., (1978) Revised Token Test, Baltimore, MD: University Park Press

      Merson, R.M. and Rolnick, M.I. (1998) Speech-language pathology and dysphagia in multiple sclerosis. Phys. med. Rehabil. Clin. N. Am. 9, 631-641

      Mesulam, M. (1992). Slowly progressive aphasia without generalized dementia. Annals of Neurology, 11, 592-598

      Mitsumoto, H., Chad, D., & Pioo, E., (1998) Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis

      Montgomery, J. H. (1991). To the edge and back., Edmonton, Alberta: Glenrose Rehabilitation Hospital

      Murray, L. L. (1997, June). Progressive treatment of primary progressive aphasia: A case illustration. Paper presented at the Clinical Aphasiology Conference, Flathead Lake, MT

      Musselwhite, C., & St. Louis, K. (1988) Communication Programming for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 2d Ed. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed

      National Aphasia Association (1987). The impact of aphasia on patient and family: Results of a needs survey. New York.

      National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (1992) Consensus Statement: Augmentative and Alternative Communication. Washington, D.C.

      National Institute on Neurological Disorders and Stroke (1990). Aphasia: Hope through research (Publication #90-391). Bethesda, MD:

      National Joint Committee on the Communicative Needs of Persons with Severe Disabilities (1992). Guidelines for Meeting the Communication Needs of Persons with Severe Disabilities. 34 asha (suppl.7) 1-8

      Nicholas, M., & Helm-Estabrooks, N. (1990) Aphasia. In J. Atwood (Ed.) Seminars in Speech and Language: The Efficacy of Speech-Language Pathology Intervention, 11, 135-144

      Patterson, J. R., & Grabois, M. (1986). Locked-in syndrome: A review of 139 cases. Stroke, 17, 758-764

      Penn, C. Compensation and language recovery in the chronic aphasic patient. Aphasiology, 1, 235-245

      Pinker, S., (1994) The Language Instinct New York: William Morrow

      Poeck, K., Huber, W. & Willmes, K. (1989). Outcomes of intensive language treatment in aphasia. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders. 54: 471-478

      Porch, B. (1981) Porch Index of Communicative Ability. Austin, Tx: Pro-Ed

      Ratcliff, A., & Beukelman, D., (1995) Preprofessional Preparation in Augmentative and Alternative Communication: State-of-the-Art Report, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 11, 61-74

      Radioux, P., Florance, C., & McCauslin, L. (1980). Use of a Handivoice in the treatment of a severely apractic, non-verbal patient. In R. Brookshire (Ed.), Clinical Aphasiology Conference Proceedings (pp. 294-301). Minneapolis: BRK Publishers

      Robey, R. R. (1994). The efficacy of treatment for aphasic persons: A meta-analysis. Brain and Language, 47(4), 582-608

      Robey, R. R. (1998). A meta-analysis of clinical outcomes in the treatment of aphasia. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 41(1), 172-187

      Robinson, S., (July 22, 1999) Mind Over Matter: A Computer Makes It Work, New York Times.

      Rogers, M. A., & Alarcon, N. B. (1997). Assessment and management of primary progressive aphasia: A longitudinal case study over a five year period. Paper presented at the Clinical Aphasiology Conference, Flathead Lake, MT

      Rogers, M. A., & Alarcon, N. B. (1998). Dissolution of spoken language in primary progressive aphasia. Aphasiology, 12(7-8), 635-650

      Rosenbek, J. C. (1985). Treating apraxia of speech. In D. F. Johns (Ed.), Clinical Management of Neurogenic Communicative Disorders (2nd ed., ). Boston: Little Brown

      Rosenbek, J. C., & LaPointe, L. L. (1985). The dysarthrias: Description, diagnosis and treatment. In D. Johns (Ed.), clinical management of neurogenic communication disorders (pp. 97-152). Boston: Little Brown.

      Rosenbek, J.C., Lemme, M.L., Ahern, M.B., Harris, E.H. & Wertz, R.T. (1973), A Treatment for Apraxia of Speech in Adults, Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 38, 462-472

      Rupprecht, S., Beukelman, D., & Vrtiska, H. (1995) Comparative Intelligibility of Five Synthesized Voices, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 11, 244-247

      Saideman, E., (1989) Helping the Mute to Speak: The Availability of Augmentative Communication Device Under Medicaid, N.Y.U. Review of Law & Social Change, 17, 741-753

      Sandberg-Diment, E. (October 5, 1982), From Behind a Wall of Silence, A Mind Emerges, New York Times

      Sarno, M. T., Buonaguro, A., & Levita, E. (1986). Characteristics of verbal impairment in closed head injured patients. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 67, 400-405

      Scheinberg, L. and Smith, C.R. (1987). Rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis. Neurology Clin. Nov 5(4), 585-600

      Schiefelbusch, R., (1977) Nonspeech Language Intervention Strategies Baltimore, MD: University Park Press

      Schiefelbusch, R. & Lloyd, L. (1974) Language Perspectives: Acquisition, Retardation and Intervention. Baltimore, MD: University Park Press

      Sienkiewicz-Mercer, R., & Kaplan, S., (1989) I Raise My Eyes To Say Yes West Hartford, CT: Houghton Mifflin

      Simpson, K., Beukelman, D., & Bird, A., (1998) Survey of School Speech and Language Service Provision to Students with Severe Communication Impairments in Nebraska, Augmentative and Alternative Communication 14, 212-222

      Simpson, M. B., Till, J. A., & Goff, A. M. (1988). Long-term treatment of severe dysarthria: A case study. Journal of Speech & Hearing Disorders, 53, 433-440

      Skelly, M., Schinsky, L., Smith, R. W., & Fust, R. S. (1974). American Indian sign (Amerind) as a facilitator of verbalization for the oral verbal apraxic. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 39(4), 445-455

      Spiegel, B. B., Benjamin, B. J., & Siegel, S. A. (1993). One method to increase spontaneous use of an assistive communication device: Case Study. Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 9, 111-118

      Steele, R.D., Kleczewska, K.K., Carson , G.S., & Weinrich, M.(1992), Computers in the Rehabilitationof Chronic, Severe Aphasia, Brain and Language, 14, 15-33

      Steele, R. D., Weinrich, M., Wertz, R. T., Kleczewska, M. K., & Carlson, G. S. (1989). Computer-based visual communication in aphasia. Neuropsychologia, 27, 409-426

      Stuart, S. (1995) Expanding communicative participation using augmentative and alternative communication within a game playing activity for a man with severe aphasia. ASHA AAC Special Interest Division Newsletter, 4(1), 9-11

      Stuart, S., Vanderhoof, D., & Beukelman, D. (1993) Topic and Vocabulary Use Patterns of Elderly Women, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 9, 95-110

      Sufit, R., (1997) Symptomatic Treatment of ALS, in R. Miller, Ed., ALS Standard of Care Consensus Conference, Journal of Neurology 48 (Supp. 4) S15-22

      Tavalaro, J., & Tayson, R. (1997) If You Want to Talk to Me, I Look Up for Yes New York: Kodansha America.

      Tonkovich, J., & Peach, R. K. (1989). What to treat: Apraxia of speech, aphasia or both. In P. Square-Storer (Ed.), Acquired apraxia of speech in aphasic adults (pp. 115-144). Hove, England UK: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

      Tyler, L., Moss, H., Patterson, K., & Hodges, J. (1997). The gradual deterioration of syntax and semantics in a patient with progressive aphasia. Brain and Language, 56, 426-476

      Udwin, O., & Yule, W. (1990). Augmentative communication systems taught to cerebral palsied children--a longitudinal study. I. The acquisition of signs and symbols, and syntactic aspects of their use over time. British Journal of Disorders of Communication, 25, 295-309

      Udwin, O., & Yule, W. (1991a). Augmentative communication systems taught to cerebral-palsed children - a longitudinal study. II. Pragmatic features of sign and symbol use. British Journal of Disorders of Communication, 26, 137-148

      Udwin, O., & Yule, W. (1991b). Augmentative communication systems taught to cerebral-palsed children - a longitudinal study. III. Teaching practices and exposure to sign and symbol use in schools and homes. British Journal of Disorders of Communication, 26, 149-162

      United States Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, (1991) By-Laws, Article II, § 1 Sarasota, FL: Author

      United States Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, (1995) Medicaid Model AAC Device Coverage Policy, Sarasota, FL: Author

      van Hook, K., & Stohr, P. (1973) The Development of Manual Communication in a Profoundly Retarded Hearing Population, Asha, 15, 437

      Vanderheiden, G., & Grilley, K. (1976) Non-Vocal Communication Techniques and Aids for the Severely Physically Handicapped, Austin, TX: Pro-Ed

      Vicker, B., (1974) Nonoral Communication System Project 1964/1973, Iowa City, IA: Campus Stores

      Wallace, G., & Canter, G. (l985) Effects of personally relevant language materials on the performance of severely aphasic individuals. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 50, 385-390

      Waller, A., Dennis, F. Brodie, J, Cairns, A.V. (1998). Evaluating the use of TalksBac, a predictive communication device for nonfluent adults with aphasia. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders. 33(1): 45-70

      Wambaugh, J. L., Kalinyak, F., Michelene, M., West, J. E., & Doyle, P. J. (1998a). Effects of treatment for sound errors in apraxia of speech and aphasia. Journal of Speech Language and Hearing Research, 41(4), 725-743

      Wambaugh, J. L., West, J. E., & Doyle, P. J. (1998b). Treatment of apraxia of speech: Effects of targeting sound groups. Aphasiology, 12(708), 731-743

      Wedemeyer, D. (August 18, 1996) His Life is His Mind, New York Times Magazine 22-25

      Weinrich, M., Steele, R., Kleczewska, M., Carlson, G., Baker, E., & Wertz, R., (1989) Representation of ‘Verbs’ in a Computerized Visual Communication System, Aphasiology, 3, 501-512

      Wertz, R.T., (1984) Language Disorders in Adults: State of the Clinical Art, in A. Holland, Ed., Language Disorders in Adults, San Diego, CA: College Hill Press

      Wertz, R.T., (1985) Neuropathologies of Speech & Language: An Introduction to Patient Management, in Johns, D.F., Ed, Clinical Management of Neurogenic Communicative Disorders, Boston, MA: Little, Brown

      Wertz, R. T., Weiss, D. G., Aten, J., Brookshire, R., Garcia-Bunuel, L., Holland, A., Kurtzke, J., LaPointe, L., Milianti, F., Brannegan, R., Greenbaum, H., Marshall, R.C., Vogel, D., Carter, J., Barnes, N. & Goodman, R. (1986). Comparison of clinic, home and deferred language treatment for aphasia: A V.A. Cooperative Study. Archives of Neurology. 43: 653-658

      Wertz, R., Collins, M., Weiss, D., Kurtzke, J., Friden, R., Brookshire, R., Pierce, J., Holtzapple, P., Hubbard, D., Porch, B., West, J., Davis, L., Matovich, V., Morley, G., and Resurrecion, E. (1981). Veterans Administrators Cooperative Study on Aphasia: A comparison of individual and group treatment. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research. 24: 580-594

      White, M. & Gribben, J. (1992) Stephen Hawking: A Life in Science New York: Plume/Putnam

      Wilford, J., (March 24, 1998) Sailing A Wheelchair to the End of Time, New York Times, at C:1

      Wilford, J., (April 28, 1998) Ancestral Humans Could Speak, Antropologists’ Finding Suggests, New York Times, at A:1

      Windsor J. & Lloyd, L. (1987), Core (or basic) References on Augmentative & Alternative Communication, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 3, 102-111

      Yanak, K., & Light, J. (1991-92). Use of augmentative communication with persons with Broca’s aphasia: A case study. National Student Speech, Language, and Hearing Association Journal, 19, 27-34

      Yorkston, K. M. (1996). Treatment efficacy: Dysarthria. Journal of Speech & Hearing Research, 39(5), S46-S57

      Yorkston, K. M., & Beukelman, D. R. (in press). Decision making in augmentative communication intervention. In D. R. Beukelman, K. M. Yorkston, & J. Reichle (Eds.), Augmentative communication in adults. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes

      Yorkston, K. M., & Waugh, P. F. (1989). Use of augmentative communication devices with apractic individuals. In P. S. Storer (Ed.), Apraxia of Speech (pp. 267-283). London: Taylor and Francis

      Yorkston, K. M., Beukelman, D. R., Strand, E. A., & Bell, K. R. (1999). Management of motor speech disorders in children and adults. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed

      Yorkston, K. M., Miller, R. M., & Strand, E. A. (1995). Management of speech and swallowing disorders in degenerative disease. Tucson, AZ: Communication Skill Builders

      Yorkston, K. M., Smith, K., Beukelman, D. R., (1990). Extended communication samples of augmented communicators: A comparison of individualized versus standard vocabularies. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 55, 217-224

      Yorkston, K. M., Strand, E., Miller, R., Hillel, A., & Smith, K. (1993). Speech deterioration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Implications for the timing of intervention. Journal of Medical Speech/Language Pathology, 1(1), 35-46

      Zangari, C., Lloyd, L., & Vicker, B. (1994) Augmentative Communication: An Historic Perspective, Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 10, 27-59

    3. miscellaneous References
      1. Statutes
      2. 21 U.S.C. § 301 et. seq.

        21 U.S.C. § 321(h).

        42 U.S.C. § 1395m(a)(2)(A)(ii)

        42 U.S.C.§ 1395x(n).

        42 U.S.C. § 1395y(a)(1)

      3. Federal Regulations
      4. 21 C.F.R.§ 803.3(e).

        21 C.F.R. § 890.3700

        21 C.F.R. § 890.3710

        42 C.F.R. § 402.202.

        42 C.F.R. § 414.220-.232.

        42 C.F.R. § 414.220(a)(2).

        44 Fed. Reg. 50,458 (1979).

        48 Fed. Reg. 53,032 (Nov. 23, 1983)

        52 Fed. Reg. 15,560 (April 29, 1987)

        54 Fed. Reg. 34,555 (Aug. 21, 1989).

        63 Fed. Reg. 3,142 (Jan. 21, 1998)

      5. Federal Administrative Guidelines
      6. Medicare Carriers Manual, (HCFA Pub. 14) § 2100.2

        Medicare Coverage Issues Manual, (HCFA Pub. 6) § 60-9

        Medicare Hospital Manual, (HCFA Pub. 10) § 446(a)(1)(A)

        Medicare Intermediary Manual, (HCFA Pub. 13) § 3905.3(A)

        Enclosure # 2 to Intermediary Letters, No. 77-4 & 77-5, reprinted in [1976 Transfer Binder] CCH Medicare & Medicaid Guide, ¶ 28,152 (1976)

      7. State Administrative Regulations
      8. 470 Indiana Administrative Code § 1-7, § 27(g), at A2-49 (Oct. 1, 1994)

        470 Indiana Administrative Code § 5-8-12 (1992)

        18 New York Code of Rules and Regulations, § 505.5(a)(1)

        Ohio Administrative Code, § 5101:3-1-49 (1993; amended Jan. 1996)

        Ohio Administrative Code, § 5101:3-10-24(K)(3)

        Wisconsin Administrative Code, HSS, § 101.03(50).

      9. State Administrative Guidelines
      10. Medi-Cal Policy Statement 96-4: AAC Devices (July 5, 1996)

        Illinois Dept. of Public Aid, Medical Assistance Provider Manual, § II-M-3, M-201.2 (Dec. 1992)

        Iowa Dept. Of Human Serv. Coverage & Limitations, Medical Equipment and Supplier Dealer, Chapt. E, page 2(b) (Jan. 1, 1994)

        Iowa Medicaid Augmentative Communication Device Funding Criteria, Medical Equipment and Supply Dealer Manual, Chapt. E, p. 12, § D (Oct. 1, 1988)

        Maine Medical Assistance Manual, § 60, App. 3, § XI(A)

        MSA-94-11, Michigan Dept. of Social Services (Oct. 31, 1994)

        New Hampshire Medicaid AAC Criteria (Definitions)

        New Jersey Medicaid Equipment and Supplies Supplier Manual, Sub-Chapt. I, § 1.2 (Nov. 1979)

        New York State Dept. of Health, Guidelines: Augmentative Communication Systems (November 1991)

        North Dakota Dept. Of Human Serv., Medical Assistance Program, DME Supplies and Guidelines, § 1.

        South Carolina Medicaid Home Health Serv. Manual, at p. 2-1

      11. Federal Court Decisions
      12. Fred C. v. Texas Health & Human Services Commission, 924 F.Supp. 788 (W.D.Tex. 1996), vacated and remanded 117 F.3d 1416 (5th Cir. 1997)(Table)

        Fred C. v. Texas Health & Human Services Commission, 988 F.Supp. 1032 (W.D.Tex. 1997), affirmed, per curiam 167 F.3d 537 (5th Cir. 1998)(Table)

        Hunter v. Chiles, 944 F.Supp. 914 (S.D.Fl. 1996)

        McLaughlin v. Williams, 801 F.Supp. 633 (M.D.Fl. 1993)

        Miller v. Whitburn, 10 F.3d 1315 (7th Cir. 1993)

        Myers v. State of Mississippi, No 3:94-CIV-185-LN (S.D.Miss, June 23, 1995)

        Rush v. Parham, 625 F.2d 1150 (5th Cir. 1980)

        Smith v. Rasmussen, 24 F.Supp. 2d 955 (N.D.Iowa 1999)

        Smith v. Rasmussen, 57 F.Supp. 2d 736 (N.D.Iowa 1999).

        Weaver v. Reagen, 886 F.2d 194 (8th Cir. 1989)

      13. Medicare Administrative Decisions
      14. In re: Bernadine A. Dkt No. 000-86-0336 (Social Security Admin. Office of Hrgs & Appeals April 27, 1999)

        In re: Blanche B. Dkt No. 000-24-0399 (Social Security Admin. Office of Hrgs & Appeals May 8, 1995)

        In re: Celia C. Dkt No. 196-14-0195 (Social Security Admin. Office of Hrgs & Appeals December 2, 1998)

        In re: Donald S, Dkt No. 000-89-3072 (Social Security Admin. Office of Hrgs & Appeals October 1, 1999)

        In re: Emyln Jones, Dkt. No. 360-09-1983 (U.S.Dept. of Health & Human Services, Social Security Admin., Office of Hearings & Appeals August 18, 1993)

        In re: Richard A. Dkt No. 000-06-0110 (Social Security Admin. Office of Hrgs & Appeals March 24, 1997)

      15. State Administrative Decisions
      16. In re: Anonymous, No. 851-0107314 (Ohio Dept. of Human Services, Dec. 7, 1988)

        In re: Andrew Szczygiel, No. 1115201R (N.Y. Dept. of Social Services March 17, 1988)

        In re: Anthony M, O.A.L. Dkt. No. H.M.A. 1360-79 (July 17, 1979)

        In re: Larry N., No. 305149 (Ohio Dept. of Human Services May 14, 1993)

        In re: Liang-Kuang C., No 87-SHTO-304 (Ohio Dept. of Human Services, July 23, 1987)

        In re: Keith C., No. 105146 (Ohio Dept. of Human Services, May 31, 1991)

        In re: Shannon, No. 8084 (Ohio Dept. of Human Services, September 13, 1990)

        In re: Sherry H., No. 314828 (Ohio Dept. of Human Services March 5, 1984)

      17. Miscellaneous Sources

Letter dated October 15, 1986 to Stephen T. Crickmore, Director, Medicare Part A, Blue Cross & Blue Shield of Indiana

Letter dated July 8, 1998 to Elizabeth Carder, from Philip Brown, Director, HCFA Division of Freedom of Information and Privacy

Letter dated Aug. 24, 1999 to Lewis Golinker from Philip Brown, Director, HCFA Division of Freedom of Information and Privacy

Letter [1] dated October 23, 1999 to Lewis Golinker, from Peggy Locke, President, Communication Aid Manufacturers Association

Letter [2] dated October 23, 1999 to Lewis Golinker, from Peggy Locke, President, Communication Aid Manufacturers Association

Letter dated October 28,1999 to Elizabeth B. Carder, from C. Kaye Riley, Chairperson, HCPCS Alpha-Numeric Editorial Panel, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services, Health Care Financing Administration

Reeb, K. (June 1985) Procurement of Durable Medical Equipment Under the Medicare Part B Program, Washington, DC: Electronic Industries Foundation

Response by Grant Bagley, M.D., to Plaintiff’s First Set of Interrogatories, filed in Rhode Island Disability Law Center v. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, No. 98-451-T (D.R.I. July 12, 1999)


Home Augmentative Communication NewsAlternatively Speaking
ArticlesOrderingAugCommentaryAAC Links